WIPRO EARTHIAN

Variety and Variability living organisms in a particular area is called Biodiversity.
Our food, energy, security strongly depends on biodiversity. Biodiversity loss has negative effectives on our health and wealth. It also strongly influences our social influences. Threats to biodiversity are numerous, some of them as follows,

  • Habitat loss and degradation.
  • Invasive alien species.
  • Over exploitation of natural resources
  • Pollution and diseases
  • Anthropogenic activities

Human activities are a great threat of biodiversity. The impact of human activities on the vegetation and the status of it different communities are very severe.

CONSERVATION STRATEGIES

LEGESTRATION: The present wild life act, 1972 listed out number of wild species in Schedules I to IV and it should be implemented with its full spirit.

It is suggested to develop the plantation forestry with medicinal plants and timber yielding trees such as Teak, Dalbergia, Neem, Subabul, and Tamarindus etc.

Fodder plants are also cultivated outside forests which may solve the problem of grazing.

Plate – I

Anthropogenic activities

  • Deforestation
  • Soil Erosion
  • Forest fires

Plate – II

  • Grazing
  • Browsing

Plate – III

Intensive Agricultural practice

  • Capsicum
  • Bengal gram
  • Turmeric
  • Sun flower
  • Tobacco