In House Research Project

BIO DIVERSITY

Bio diversity plays a vital role in the process of sustainable development and is in source of economic and ecological security for future generations. India is very rich in all aspects of bio diversity and is one of the most significant biodiversity centers of the world. India has been to be rich repository of large number of medicinal plants. In Ayurveda, Rigveda has described properties and uses of medicinal plants. Many valuable medicinal plants are under the verge of extinction.

OBJECTIVE OF PRESENT STUDY

The objective of present study was to assess the impact of anthropogenic activities on floristic diversity and to stress the importance of its conservation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The study area is situated in APS Golconda comes under Ranga Reddy Dist of Andhra Pradesh. The floristic analysis of the study area was carried out by floristic and phytosociological methods. The sudsy area was intensively explored in April to July. The phytosociological study was made in these sites. 20 sample quadrates of 1mx1m size were placed randomly for vegetation analysis (Misra, 1968). Plant samples collected from the sites were dried and poisoned with HgCl2 and C2H5OH and prepared herbarium.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The floristic survey of the study area show that the school surrounding environment, more number of plant species are present because school surrounding environment is undisturbed area by human beings. But interestingly some rare and high medicinal valued plants are identified in school environment such as :-
Ocimun sanctum, Datura metal, Passiflora, Clitorea ternancea, Vinca Rosea, Jetropa, Lantana Camera, Gymmnema Slyvestris, etc.

WIPRO EARTHIAN

Variety and Variability living organisms in a particular area is called Biodiversity.
Our food, energy, security strongly depends on biodiversity. Biodiversity loss has negative effectives on our health and wealth. It also strongly influences our social influences. Threats to biodiversity are numerous, some of them as follows,

  • Habitat loss and degradation.
  • Invasive alien species.
  • Over exploitation of natural resources
  • Pollution and diseases
  • Anthropogenic activities

Human activities are a great threat of biodiversity. The impact of human activities on the vegetation and the status of it different communities are very severe.

CONSERVATION STRATEGIES

LEGESTRATION: The present wild life act, 1972 listed out number of wild species in Schedules I to IV and it should be implemented with its full spirit.

It is suggested to develop the plantation forestry with medicinal plants and timber yielding trees such as Teak, Dalbergia, Neem, Subabul, and Tamarindus etc.

Fodder plants are also cultivated outside forests which may solve the problem of grazing.

Plate – I

Anthropogenic activities

  • Deforestation
  • Soil Erosion
  • Forest fires

Plate – II

  • Grazing
  • Browsing

Plate – III

Intensive Agricultural practice

  • Capsicum
  • Bengal gram
  • Turmeric
  • Sun flower
  • Tobacco